Domesday Book

Compiled from the records of royal commissioners who in the summer of 1086 toured England to discover for King William I just what he had conquered and how much it was worth. The decision was made at Gloucester during the Christmas court of 1085. To its makers DB was known as Descriptio, a description. Sometimes it was referred to as Liber de Wintonia. It listed land and possessions: who owned what and what tax or dues were paid in 1066 (the end of Edward the Confessor's reign) and at the time of examination. All information was given on oath. However, it was by no means inclusive of every place in England. The findings were set out *county by county, though the north-east (later Northumberland and Durham) and much of the north-west (later Cumberland and Westmorland) were not surveyed; only parts of the border country of Wales were examined. Furthermore, several large towns were not included, e.g. London, Winchester and Bristol. The descriptions of Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex appear in a separate volume, Little Domesday. When finished DB had 382 folios, making 764 sides of writing; it had required the skins of 200 or more sheep. Little Domesday had 450 folios. DB was sometimes referred to as liber hidarum = the book of hides (the *hide being the basic unit of land used in its compilation). The name Domesday Book is to be found in the *Dialogus de scaccario: 'This book is called by the natives Domesday; that is, by metaphor, the day of judgement . . . when the book is appealed to its sentence cannot be scorned or avoided with impunity.' -
Cf. Domboc; TRE

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Domesday Book — Domesday redirects here. For other uses, see Domesday (disambiguation). Domesday Book The National Archives, Kew, London Domesday Book , from Historic Byways and High …   Wikipedia

  • Domesday Book — • The name given to the record of the great survey of England made by order of William the Conqueror in 1085 86 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Domesday Book     Domesday Book …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • DOMESDAY BOOK — Document cadastral du début de l’époque normande en Angleterre, le Domesday Book ou simplement le Domesday fut dressé par Guillaume le Conquérant. Devenu roi d’Angleterre après la défaite d’Harold à Hastings (1066), Guillaume voulut connaître, de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Domesday Book —   [ duːmzdeɪ bʊk; englisch »Buch des Gerichtstages«], lateinisch Liber iudiciarius Ạngliae, das englische »Reichsgrundbuch«. Um sich einen Überblick über die Einkünfte der Krone aus den Krongütern sowie über Umfang und Wert des Lehnsbesitzes zu… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Domesday Book — Domesday Domes day , n. A day of judgment. See {Doomsday}. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] {Domesday Book}, the ancient record of the survey of most of the lands of England, made by order of William the Conqueror, about 1086. It consists of two volumes, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Domesday Book — (Doomsday Book, engl., spr. dūmsdē buck), das große Reichsgrundbuch Englands, wurde in der letzten Zeit der Regierung Wilhelms des Eroberers, 1086, angelegt und enthält, 34 Grafschaften umfassend, ein ausführliches Verzeichnis ihres Grundbesitzes …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • domesday Book — An ancient record of land ownership in England. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. Domesday Book An ancient record of land ownership in England …   Law dictionary

  • Domesday book — 1178, popular name of Great Inquisition or Survey (1086), William the Conqueror s inventory of his new domain, from M.E. domes, gen. of dom day of judgment (see DOOM (Cf. doom)). The booke ... to be called Domesday, bicause (as Mathew Parise… …   Etymology dictionary

  • domesday-book — domesday, domesday book /dowmzdey buk/duwmzdey/. (Sax.) An ancient record made in the time of William the Conqueror, and later remaining in the English exchequer, consisting of two volumes of unequal size, containing minute and accurate surveys… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Domesday Book — (engl., spr. dóhmsdehbuk) oder Doomsday Book, eins der ältesten engl. Rechts und Geschichtsdenkmale, die Ergebnisse einer statist. Aufnahme Englands 1083 86 unter Wilhelm dem Eroberer umfassend. Faksimileausgabe des Originals mit engl.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Domesday Book — n. [said to be so named because it judged all men without bias, like the Last Judgment] the record of a survey of England made under William the Conqueror in 1086, listing all landowners and showing the value and extent of their holdings …   English World dictionary

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